Say the phrase ‘twentieth-century art,’ and what comes to mind? Perhaps Jackson Pollock dripping paint on a blank canvas with unconscious fervor, or Marcel Duchamp’s famous ‘Nude Descending a Staircase,’ which one misguided critic referred to as ‘an explosion in a shingle factory.’ History often remembers the innovators and pioneers, and when the tale of twentieth-century art is told, it usually focuses on the rebellion against ‘objective’ art: art that ‘looks real.’

While the abstract painters tend to get the headlines, there were many twentieth-century artists who quietly explored the human figure as the primary source of inspiration and expression in their work. Many of these figurative artists loved the ancient art of portraiture, which looks beneath the surface, to the core of our individuality, and tries to capture that elusive quality that makes each of us unique. Other artists were gifted storytellers who used their work to comment on both the comedy and tragedy of life, as well as celebrate the experiences that define us as a culture and a nation. Some figurative artists faced inward, toward the personal and the intimate; others faced outward, toward the grand dramas of war and politics as well as the revealing moments that often go unobserved, that sometimes say more about the experience of being alive than a battle or a parade.

Drawing on the Michener’s extensive holdings of figurative art, especially in paintings and photographs, this exhibit explored this temperamental and stylistic dichotomy in figurative art, and included work by such well-known regional painters as Louis Bosa, Daniel Garber, and B. J. O. Nordfeldt; photographers Emmet Gowin, Edmund Eckstein, David Graham, Andrea Baldeck, and Susan Bank; as well as works on paper by Werner Drewes, William A. Smith, and Ben Solowey. Also featured were selections from the collection of John Horton, a recent bequest to the Michener that contains important Depression-era canvases by painters William S. Schwartz and Guy Pène duBois.